Your doctor is always your best source of information. You may also want to visit some of the websites listed below to learn more and find support.
Learning about epilepsy
Epilepsy Foundation of America®*
The Epilepsy Foundation is a national voluntary organization that focuses its work on helping individuals with epilepsy and their families, and sponsoring research to find a cure. With more than 48 affiliates around the country, it’s possible there is an Epilepsy Foundation chapter in your area. Check the website for national and local events.
*Registered trademark of Epilepsy Foundation of America.
This site is sponsored by the Epilepsy Therapy Project, a not-for-profit organization started by parents and now a comprehensive source of information and research.
National Institutes of Health/NINDS
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke is a section of the federal government's National Institutes of Health. Their site provides information about epilepsy as well as a listing of many other organizations that might prove valuable in your search for information.
KidsHealth is a website containing current information about kids' and teens' health issues and diseases. All material is reviewed by doctors before being posted. KidsHealth offers separate sections for children, teenagers, and parents.
Living with epilepsy
Living with Epilepsy 101: The Basics
This section of epilepsy.com provides down-to-earth advice on how to live with epilepsy. Covering everything from employment to socializing, this is a resource for the entire family.
Epilepsy Foundation: Living with Epilepsy
The Epilepsy Foundation gives patients and families information on a broad range of topics, including an overview of wellness and lifestyle, and special issues relating to children and teens, women, and seniors.
The University Hospital: Living with Epilepsy
This Website is sponsored by the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. The "Living with Epilepsy" page addresses issues such as driving, participating in sports, sexuality, pregnancy and aging.
Meeting others with epilepsy
Coping with Epilepsy
This is a free online forum where people with epilepsy can discuss issues of concern to them and engage in online discussions with others.
Epilepsy Foundation eCommunities
More than 15 special-interest bulletin boards and live chats are available through the Epilepsy Foundation. Find those who share your interests, discuss issues and make new friends through this comprehensive resource.
Find meetings in your area. Meet others with concerns similar to yours. Discuss issues with others on the Internet.
Caring for someone with epilepsy
This website is exclusively for parents and caregivers of people with epilepsy. The section entitled "How Does Epilepsy Affect Daily Life?" provides good information for parents and caregivers to better understand how epilepsy will impact their day-to-day routines.
Parents Helping Parents
The Epilepsy Foundation devotes a section to parents of children with epilepsy, believing that parents' feelings about dealing with epilepsy are a key influence on how their children feel about the disease.
Families and Caregivers
Epilepsy.com offers a wealth of information on epilepsy in newborns, kids, and teens to support parents and caregivers. There's even a section for nannies and babysitters. A "Back to School" section provides useful information to give to teachers and others.
Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance
The Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance is dedicated to finding a cure for tuberous sclerosis complex, while improving the lives of those affected.
Other helpful links
American Academy of Ophthalmology
American Epilepsy Outreach Foundation
Childhood Neurology Society
Epilepsy: Talk About It!
Finding a Cure for Epilepsy and Seizures (FACES)
North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
National Organization for Rare Disorders
SABRIL ® (vigabatrin) Tablets and Powder for Oral Solution
SABRIL (vigabatrin) is a prescription medicine used with other treatments in adults and children 10 years of age and older with refractory complex partial seizures (CPS) who have not responded well enough to several other treatments and if the possible benefits outweigh the risk of vision loss. SABRIL should not be the first medicine used to treat CPS.
SABRIL (vigabatrin) is a prescription medicine used in babies, 1month to 2 years old, with infantile spasms (IS), if the possible benefits outweigh the possible risk of vision loss.
Important Safety Information
WARNING: PERMANENT VISION LOSS
All people who take SABRIL:
See Medication Guide and full Prescribing Information for complete information.
- You are at risk for vision loss with any amount of SABRIL.
- Your risk of vision loss may be higher the more SABRIL you take daily and the longer you take it.
- It is not possible for your healthcare provider to know when vision loss will happen. It could happen soon after starting SABRIL or any time during treatment. It may even happen after treatment has stopped.
- Because SABRIL might cause permanent vision loss, it is available to healthcare providers and patients only under a special program called the SABRIL Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) Program. Your healthcare provider will explain the details of this Program to you.
- SABRIL can damage the vision of anyone who takes it. People who take SABRIL do not lose all of their vision, but some people can have severe loss particularly to their ability to see to the side when looking straight ahead (peripheral vision). With severe vision loss, you may only be able to see things straight in front of you (sometimes called “tunnel vision”). You may also have blurry vision. If this happens, it will not get better.
- Tell your healthcare provider right away if you (or your child): might not be seeing as well as before starting SABRIL; start to trip, bump into things, or are more clumsy than usual; are surprised by people or things coming in front of you that seem to come out of nowhere; or if your baby is acting differently than normal. These changes can mean that vision damage has occurred.
- It is recommended that your healthcare provider test your (or your child’s) vision before or within 4 weeks after starting SABRIL, and at least every 3 months during treatment until SABRIL is stopped. It is also recommended that vision be tested about 3 to 6 months after SABRIL is stopped. It is difficult to test vision in babies, but to the extent possible, all babies should have their vision tested. Your healthcare provider will determine if testing can be done. Regular vision testing is important because damage can happen before any changes are noticed.
- Vision tests cannot prevent the vision damage that can happen with SABRIL, but they do allow SABRIL to be stopped if vision has gotten worse, which usually will lessen further damage. Even these regular vision tests may not show vision damage before it is serious and permanent. Parents, caregivers, and healthcare providers may not recognize the symptoms, or find vision loss in babies, until it is severe.
- If vision tests are not done regularly, your healthcare provider may stop prescribing SABRIL for you (or your child). Some people are not able to complete vision testing. If vision testing cannot be done, your healthcare provider may continue prescribing SABRIL, but will not be able to watch for any vision loss.
- Brain pictures taken by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) show changes in some babies after they are given SABRIL. It is not known if these changes are harmful.
- Like other antiepileptic drugs, SABRIL may cause suicidal thoughts and actions in some people. Call a healthcare provider right away if you (or your child) have any symptoms, especially sudden changes in mood, behaviors, thoughts or feelings, and especially if they are new, worse, or worry you.
- Do not stop SABRIL without first talking to a healthcare provider. Stopping SABRIL suddenly can cause seizures that will not stop.
- SABRIL can cause serious side effects such as low red blood cell counts (anemia), sleepiness and tiredness, nerve problems, weight gain, and swelling. Because SABRIL causes sleepiness and tiredness, do not drive, operate machinery, or perform any hazardous task, unless it is decided that these things can be done safely. SABRIL may make certain types of seizures worse. Tell your healthcare provider right away if seizures get worse.
- Before starting SABRIL, tell your doctor about all of your (or your child’s) medical conditions including depression, mood problems, suicidal thoughts or behavior, any allergic reaction to SABRIL, vision problems, kidney problems, low red blood cell counts (anemia), and any nervous or mental illness. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you (or your child) take.
- If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed, SABRIL can pass into breast milk and may harm your baby. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, it is not known if SABRIL will harm your unborn baby. You and your healthcare provider will have to decide if you should take SABRIL while you are pregnant.
- The most common side effects of SABRIL in adults include: problems walking or feeling uncoordinated, feeling dizzy, shaking (tremor), joint pain, memory problems and not thinking clearly, and eye problems like blurry vision, double vision, and eye movements that cannot be controlled. The most common side effects of SABRIL in children 10 to 16 years of age include weight gain, upper respiratory tract infection, tiredeness, and aggression. Also expect side effects like those seen in adults.
- The most common side effects of SABRIL in babies include: sleepiness—some babies may have a harder time suckling and feeding or may be irritable, swelling in the bronchial tubes (bronchitis), ear infection, and irritability.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you or your child have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all of the possible side effects of SABRIL. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
For more information, please see SABRIL Medication Guide, full Prescribing Information including Boxed Warning for risk of permanent vision loss, and Instructions for Use; or call toll-free 1-888-457-4273.
Consulte la Información de prescripción completa de SABRIL, incluido el recuadro de advertencia para conocer los riesgos de pérdida permanente de visión, la Guía del medicamento y las Instrucciones de uso; o llame al número gratuito 1-888-457-4273.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.